Comparing the Gospel accounts and other scriptures of Jesus with the overwhelming forensic evidence found on the Shroud of Turin, the odds are calculated to be 1 in 282 billion that the image of the man on the shroud is not Jesus.

The image of the face on the Shroud is the only known image in the world that is capable of creating a 3d face with the correct natural contours in a device called the VP-8 that analyzes the light and dark to turn a 2d image into 3d:

"Designed in the 1970's for evaluating x-rays and for other imaging purposes, the VP-8 Image Analyzer is an analog device that converts image density (lights and darks) into vertical relief (shadows and highlights). When applied to normal photographs, the result was a distorted and inaccurate image. However, when it was applied to the Shroud, the result was an accurate, topographic image showing the correct, natural relief characteristics of a human form. These results are often referred to as three-dimensional."

A sample was taken from a damaged part of the Shroud to carbon date it. What was found is a date around 1300 AD, giving headlines that the Shroud was not the burial cloth of Jesus. In 2000, a couple had examined pictures of the Shroud and discovered that another cloth material may have been woven in with the original linen cloth. It was discovered under closer examination that cotton material was indeed mixed in with the original linen cloth to repair a damaged part of the Shroud:

"Many experts have stood by a 1988 carbon-14 dating of scraps of the cloth carried out by labs in Oxford, Zurich and Arizona that dated it from 1260 to 1390, which, of course, would rule out its used during the time of Christ.

The new test, by scientists at the University of Padua in northern Italy, used the same fibers from the 1988 tests but disputes the findings. The new examination dates the shroud to between 300 BC and 400 AD, which would put it in the era of Christ.

It determined that the earlier results may have been skewed by contamination from fibers used to repair the cloth when it was damaged by fire in the Middle Ages, the British newspaper reported. The cloth has been kept at the cathedral since 1578."